Obesity crisis The obesity problem has a negative impact on physical

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Obesity crisis The obesity problem has a negative impact on physical and mental health.

According to 2020 data from the World Obesity Federation, approximately 1 billion people, or 1 in 7 people, are facing obesity problems. This is in line with Obesity crisis the World Health Organization’s World Health Statistics 2023 report, which reports that 1.9 billion adults, or 39%, have overweight and obesity problems. for Thailand Data from the Ministry of Public Health found that in 2023, 48.35% of Thai people had overweight and obesity problems.

However, another age group that should not neglected is the childhood group.

Because health conditions in childhood can affect the health condition and quality of life in adulthood. For example, a study published in 2023 in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition estimated that children and adolescents who are obese are five times more likely to become obese adults compared to children who are not obese. Of children who are obese at school age, 55% will develop into obese teenagers. And obese teenagers have an 80% chance Obesity crisisb of developing into obese adults and a 70% chance of being obese from the age of 30. The number of overweight and obese children has greatly increased. World Health Organization Shows prevalence figures for overweight and obese children between the ages of 5-19 years, from only 4% in 1975 to 18% or more than 340 million people in 2016.

for Thailand Reports from the medical and health data warehouse system Ministry of Public Health In monitoring the onset of obesity and obesity in children in 2023, it was revealed that in children under 5 years of age, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.98% in children between the ages of 6-14. in years is 13.68% and in children aged 15-18 years it is 13.72%.

Obesity is as serious as any other disease.

Doctor Amp explains that Obesity has many stages. Like any other disease, it starts before there are any symptoms. Until severe complications are found. Therefore, preventing obesity It’s better than letting yourself become fat and causing illness.

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) defines obesity as having three main stages: 

  • Stage 0  : Condition with adipose tissue, but no complications have been found. 
  • Stage 1  : Stage with at least one mild to moderate complication related to obesity. 
  • Stage 2  or the stage where there is at least one severe complication related to obesity.

The obesity problem has a negative ทางเข้า ufabet impact on physical and mental health. Both in the short term and in the long term, the health effects depend on the severity of obesity,  including:

Metabolic problems (Metabolic consequences)

Various abnormalities were found that affect waist circumference and high blood pressure. High blood sugar and lipid levels Insulin resistance increases inflammation in the body. These are all factors that lead to chronic non-communicable Obesity crisis diseases (NCDs) such as chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, ischemic stroke, and hardened arteries in the heart. (Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease; ASCVD) as well as cancer.

Digestive and liver problems (Gastrointestinal problems)

Obesity is the main cause of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and the risk of gallstones in the gallbladder. (Cholelithiasis) that increases from elevated cholesterol levels in the bile. Gallbladder disease (Cholecystitis) and fatty liver disease (Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, NAFLD), which is one risk factor for developing cirrhosis and liver cancer in the future.

Respiratory complications

When your body weight exceeds the norm This causes lung capacity to decrease, causing snoring problems. and apnea while sleeping due to an obstructed airway (Obstructive Sleep Apnea, OSA), causing poor quality sleep. Feeling tired during the daytime Decreased performance (Productivity losses; absenteeism and presenteeism) or being drowsy while driving a vehicle Increase the risk of accidents on the road

Orthopedic issues

People who are overweight often have pain in bones and muscles such as the spine, hips, knees, and ankles, causing limited movement, difficulty walking, and in the long run, the excess weight will press down on the cartilage. One of the causes of knee osteoarthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis)

Mental health problems (Psychological impact)

Obesity affects mental health with increased rates of depression. Isolation from society Less interaction with people around you Lower self-esteem Until you don’t believe in yourself, you become sluggish and your quality of life decreases. From Obesity crisis exposure to bias towards body weight (Weight Stigma), sometimes anxiety may arise. Stress builds up inside the mind. and exhibit negative behaviors such as consuming more food than usual (Binge eating disorder) and being aggressive. Unable to control one’s anger, etc.